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Bloomberg estimate that the world demand for lithium-ion batteries could reach 400GWh (Giga Watt hours) by 2025 as demand for electric vehicles grows. At the same time the mass roll-out of EVs will challenge national grid infrastructure.
Our solution is to install energy storage at filling stations that allows buffering of the electrical grid. The buffered energy can be stored off-peak or at night when electricity is cheap. EVs can then be recharged from this stored energy, not directly from the grid. Governments have the potential to regulate the EV rechargers at the filling stations to apply a reasonable level of tax over and above the five percent. This will allow some continued funding of road infrastructure. Drivers may wind up paying a little bit more for the electricity for the convenience of a five-minute recharge, but they will still drive on roads in a good state of repair.
Helping to make this scenario feasible is that the next generation of EVs, such as Porsche Mission E, will support Extreme Fast Charging (XFC). This allows charging stations to operate at megawatt rates of charge, according to TransportXtra—10 times faster than the current Tesla superchargers. At these rates, recharging an EV for a 300-mile (450 km) range is possible in just five minutes. Not only can Zap&Go’s C-Ion technology replace an EV’s lithium batteries to allow XFC; it can be integrated into the recharging stations that make buffering possible as well.
Zap&Go's Carbon-Ion cells never decay, no matter how long they are in place